Friday, May 22, 2020

Gender Roles in Great Expectations Essay - 3251 Words

Gender Roles in Great Expectations The importance of the Victorian ideal of motherhood is glimpsed in Charles Dickenss personal life. Dickenss main complaint against his wife when he separated from her was her terrible parenting. Around the time that his separation from his wife was being finalized, Dickens complains of Catherine in a letter to his friend Angela Burdett Coutts: She does not -- and never did -- care for the children; and the children do not -- and they never did -- care for her (qtd. in Slater 146). From evidence in other letters and the seeming abruptness with which Dickens took on this point of view, Dickens biographer Michael Slater suggests that this was something that Dickens had to get†¦show more content†¦From the writing on his gravestone, Pip perceives his father assquare, stout, dark man, with curly black hair (23; ch. 1). Similarly, Pip reports Mrs. Joe as having black hair and eyes (28; ch. 1).Pip infers his mothers appearance from her gravestone as well: from the turn of the inscription ... I drew a childish conclusion that my mother was freckled and sickly (23; ch. 1). Joe, although not freckled, has light skin with features far more feminine than Mrs. Joes: Joe was a fair man, with curls of flaxen hair on each side of his smooth face, and with eyes of such a very undecided blue (28; ch. 1). Pips physical description of all these parent figures reveals the ambivalent gender identities in the Gargery home. Joes physical appearance seems more feminine, and he is much more nurturing than Mrs. Joe, who is described in terms similar to Pips deceased father. Mrs. Joe is described in some masculine ways, but her behavior is the most significant indicator of her desire not to be trapped in the traditional feminine domestic role. Mrs. Joes emotional distance from her family is exemplified in the apron that she wears: she almost always wore a coarse apron ... having a square impregnable bib in front, that was stuck full of pins and needles (28; ch. 2). Dickens use of the word impregnable evinces many non-maternal associationsShow MoreRelatedGender Roles In The Great Gatsby1736 Words   |  7 PagesThe Great Gatsby Gender Norms Societal ‘norms’ surrounding gender have continuously remained prominent internationally. Although these standards and expectations continue to shift, women still face oppression today. The novel, The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald, demonstrates the expectations of women and their relationships to men in 1920’s New York City through one of the main characters, Daisy Buchanan. A vast majority of Daisy’s actions are to entice and cater to the superior men of theRead MoreGender Socialization Of Children : Gendered Toys, Media, And Parental Affects Child Development1289 Words   |  6 PagesAbstract Gender role expectations are inescapable in our society as we naturally tend to sort humans into categories, the easiest one being gender. Upon first meeting a person, most people automatically classify the other’s gender. With this classification come the inevitable gender role expectations. Even for those who consciously try their hardest not to cloud their perceptions of others based on â€Å"traditional† gender role expectations, it is almost impossible not to subconsciously succumb to theseRead MoreEffect Of Gender And Gender Representation On Media1735 Words   |  7 PagesThe effect of gender and gender representation in media has been widely researched in various academic disciplines, including anthropology and communication studies. Similar gender role expectations are not just restricted to Western culture either. A study on gender representation in East Asian advertising by Michael Prieler is a demonstration of the influence of gendered communication. The re search examines the male and female representation in the advertising of East Asian countries like HongRead MoreGender Is An Institutionalized System Of Social Practices Essay1537 Words   |  7 Pages Gender is more than just a trait of individuals. It is an institutionalized system of social practices for constituting males and females as different in socially significant ways and organizing inequality in terms of those differences. Widely shared gender stereotypes are in effect the â€Å"genetic code† of the gender system, since they constitute the cultural rules by which people perceive and enact gender differences and inequality. (Ridgeway, 2001) Gender is deeply entwined with socialRead MoreFrom the day we are born we are categorized either a male or female. From that day onward society800 Words   |  4 Pagesof Gender† discusses the formation of gender roles. Devor talks about how quickly children develop, and placed into their gender group.He also discusses about the gender role behaviors and attitudes . In Jamaica Kincaid’s ,†Girl†, Kincaid focussed on her relationship with her mother, mainly on the expectations her mother had for her. From the personal observations, examples from Devor and Kincaid’s passages, I see that gender roles are not rooted into our biology, but formed from expectations fromRead MoreTaking a Closer Look at Gender1311 Words   |  5 PagesFrom the beginning of their lives, individuals are associated with a specific gender, influencing behaviour, opportunities and expectations. The basic inequalities and disparities between men and women are generally seen as the result of the inna te, essential differences between the two biological sexes. This theory presumes that each and every member of the female gender is identical, and that the same can be said for males but â€Å"not all women are the same, just like all men aren’t the same† (TarrantRead More Gender and Sex Norms in Sports Essay797 Words   |  4 PagesGender and Sex Norms in Sports In our society there are costs both socially and culturally for individuals who choose to violate their own gender and/or sex norms. We live in a time when, though great advancements have been made, gender roles are still differentiated out from each other with specific behavior and lifestyle expectations built into our value system and ascribed to individuals. The past decade has seen a growing move away from such distinct male/female expectations, however inRead MoreGender, Gender And Gender Identity Essay1012 Words   |  5 Pages Gender Communication Prior to taking this class I would define gender as one being male or female. Females have particular roles, and males also have particular roles. When I think of females, I think of females being nurturing, loving, caring, and feminine. Males being masculine, athletic, strong, main provider, wearing a suit and tie, whereas females wear dresses, high heels, have long hair. Females seem to be higher maintenance than men. Now I can say gender and gender identity are very muchRead MoreAnalysis Of Chopin s Desiree s Baby 1125 Words   |  5 Pagesof inequalities and expectations. White males, in this confused time, are the most privileged. Slaves are the most under privileged beings, then women not being far away from slaves in the Inequality totem pole. Being fair, white men have just as many expectations as women. White men though cannot keep up though to the inequalities women possess. This essay will emphasize the different contrasts Chopin uses to demonstrate the inequalities and expectations of different genders, races, and classesRead MoreThe Inequality Of Womens Leadership1580 Words   |  7 Pagesespecially in Fortune 500 companies. Female leaders continually face difficulties both when inquiring decision-making positions as well as while in leadership roles. By combining research I’ve come across in leadership, gender roles, stereotyping and management statistics, this paper will c onsider the barriers, as well as the expectations, women face while on their journey to a successful leadership position. Research done by Martin M. Chemers, a social psychologist with interest in leadership

Saturday, May 9, 2020

Why Everybody Is Talking About Speech and Essay Samples...The Simple Truth Revealed

Why Everybody Is Talking About Speech and Essay Samples...The Simple Truth Revealed Key Pieces of Speech and Essay Samples If you're already on the lookout for persuasive essay examples online, you most likely have a somewhat vague idea on how best to get started writing. Deciding a topic is easily the most important role in informative essay writing. However, essays have an extremely very good importance not merely to acquire great grades but in addition in expressing one's emotions. Writing an essay is an essential role in academe life. The Do's and Don'ts of Speech and Essay Samples As a consequence, it's possible and right to hold someone accountable for the communication they make though speech. A cause and effect essay is the kind of paper that the writer is using to analyze the causes and effects of a specific action or event. The body of your analysis essay is in fact an analytical part that has to include a thorough explanation of all strategies employed by the spe aker. When writing this sort of essay, in-depth understanding of the issue or event's roots will be of excellent benefit. Why Almost Everything You've Learned About Speech and Essay Samples Is Wrong Generally speaking, a speech appeals to a particular audience in a specific place and time, while an essay communicates with an overall audience. Do not believe the conclusion isn't important since it is every bit as important as the human body and the introduction. The very first step to writing a fantastic speech is choosing the correct or suitable topic. Hopefully, these speech writing advice will lead to your success and you'll get an opportunity to relish performing in the front of the audience. The Battle Over Speech and Essay Samples and How to Win It Allocating a time limit for the principal components of your speech is a great way to keep on sample schedule. It is not important to us, whether you're too busy on the job concentrating on a passion undertaking, or simply tired of a seemingly infinite stream of assignments. Despite the fact that you pay for homework, we provide those options at no cost. Somebody works part-time and doesn't have sufficient time to do each of the assignments. Ruthless Speech and Essay Samples Strategies Exploited When giving a speech it can be tricky to determine exactly what things to say. There are 3 important pieces of an excellent speech. There's no perfect freedom of speech, there's still much to be desired. You might have the ideal voice and persuading power but don't deliver a great speech as a result of failure to select the best theme. If you're scared of giving a speech, we can assist you. It is essential that the audience gives him full attention in order to get the absolute most out of his speech. Whispered Speech and Essay Samples Secrets Essay writing is usually practiced is schools. Nowadays it is extremely difficult to locate a trustworthy essay writing service. The most frequently encountered paper writing service that the vast majority of our clients require is essay writing. If you discover that the writer did not provide precisely what you expected, request a revision, and we'll make the corrections. The Importance of Speech and Essay Samples Once you've broken the ice, you should lead them into the heart of the speech. The body is the meat of the entire speech. Actually, the most important mission for regulating mass media and internet ought to be to safeguard and deepen the liberty of speech. The liberty of speech in modern society is extremely necessary, because it's the most significant thing a man or woman can have, in the event the material goods are thrown away. Definitions of Speech and Essay Samples If your speech is very confusing or it follows a complicated path with lots of of acronyms, think about building a PowerPoint presentation with a couple slides that supply a visual aid. It does not include the word-for-word particulars of the speech outline its basic pieces. A speech template permits you to sequence information effectively. You are able to come across various keynote speech examples that may function as your guide for making your template. Our writers are some of the the most trusted speech experts on the web. It's worth to purchase the most effective persuasive speech topics from experts than to do it yourself and don't meet the necessary standard of a university student's speech. Our crew of writers who pr ovide this kind of assistance will be happy to earn a job-winning resume for you. These competitions are organized on the premise that students can receive the ideal atmosphere for self-development. Typically, you are going to be requested to analyze only a little portion of the entire speech, for instance, an excerpt from a lengthy text. Contrary to other types, especially nonverbal communications that can be easily misinterpreted, passing the incorrect message through speech gets substantially not possible. Following that, it is possible to find some political speech analysis examples and study them to comprehend what makes a prosperous speech analysis. A template will remind you of the situations that you should concentrate on your speech.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Writing and Proper Supporting Points Free Essays

I have always used writing as method to express myself. I wrote for self-pleasure instead of Just to complete an assignment. I knew that writing and being able to express myself would help me to further my education. We will write a custom essay sample on Writing and Proper Supporting Points or any similar topic only for you Order Now Before my first day of Composition one, I imagined having a lot of papers to writing in such little time. However, it turned out to be a great experience. Composition one taught me how to improve my writing, expose me to different types of essays and how to overcome difficult tasks. Composition one allowed me to recognize the strengths and weakness in my writing skills. Three of my strongest essays assigned this semester are what you will be viewing in my portfolio. These weren’t easy, but having the proper guidance is what made the difference. The workload did get hectic at times, because I found myself trying to transition from one genre to another. For me, the idea of outlining a proper thesis really helped me to write well. I would experiment to see if the quality of my essay would be better if I Just wrote about the topic. I realized that if I properly outlined my thesis, it would give me a path on which I could build my essay. I would use the number of supporting points that I had, to be the amount of paragraphs I would have. By doing this, the structure of my essay would be better. If it wasn’t for my Professor focusing on getting the thesis correct. The task of writing and essay would be an extremely difficult one. At times, I felt as if I should Just write without paying attention to the thesis but Just as most things, I got used to outlining it. The first essay we were assigned was a literacy narrative. This was a personal essay for me to complete. The literacy narrative allowed me to recollect situations rom my past and put them on paper. IVe always done this, but I didn’t know that things such as a thesis and proper supporting points would make for a better essay. I learned that the key to a great literacy narrative is to show instead of to tell. The use of details is important in a literacy narrative as it gives the reader the feeling of actually being in the situation. My second essay was an evaluation. It required me to be very critical of a certain webpage. Usually when I visit webpages I Just go there to use what suites me. My mind wasn’t open to the site layout, how it differs from other ebsite or what could make it better. By doing this essay, I am now more in tuned to the smallest details in forms of writing that I would happen to come across. I am a soccer fan; I enjoy watching, playing or even talking about the game. IVe always wanted to pass on the passion for the game to others. My third essay was a proposal. This essay allowed me to put my dreams into perspective . 1 was able to help a group of coaches learn more about the sport. With that knowledge, they would be able to pass it down to the children. The passion I have for soccer made the proposal the asiest essay IVe done since the semester began. This essay didn’t have as much restrictions and rules to it, so it allowed me to interact with my work. I used life situations to bring forth my point. I enjoyed intertwining life with a thing so simple as writing. Of course, by writing over and over, one will get better at it. That wasn’t the only way I gained strength and confidence in my writing abilities. Having great feedback from you’re pairs is very important. We are all humans and the opinions of others affect us in either a good or bad way. I received feedback from my peers, the utors trom the writing center and my protessor. Those different perspectives on my work brought to my attention the things I need to work on. Composition one was definitely not the tedious class that I thought it would be. I didn’t think I was going to be groomed to be a better writer. The different exercises that we were exposed to made the class very interesting. It was as if by writing a new essay, a new part of the brain was being activated. I enjoyed exploring certain thing than the other but the different skills that were being tuned made it worth it. How to cite Writing and Proper Supporting Points, Papers

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

The Accidental Tourist Essay Research Paper In free essay sample

The Accidental Tourist Essay, Research Paper In what ways is Macon the Accidental Tourist? The logo on the forepart of all Macon # 8217 ; s travel ushers is a image of a winged armchair and Macon # 8217 ; s married woman Sarah believed that this was non merely the logo for The Accidental Tourist books, but for Macon himself. Julian describes metaphor of the winged armchair as # 8220 ; while armchair travellers dream of traveling topographic points, going armchairs dream of remaining put # 8221 ; , and Macon does his best to assist his readers feel as if they have neer left place. He advises them on the best topographic points to eat and remain, the topographic points that are most like those in America. However, contriving these methods and systems to do it experience as if he neer left place is non a job for Macon. He does non contrive the systems to assist other people, but himself. We will write a custom essay sample on The Accidental Tourist Essay Research Paper In or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Sarah is right in claiming that the winged armchair is Macon # 8217 ; s logo, because it does stand for him # 8211 ; he wants to remain place, but is being moved around all over the universe, and has to make his best to do it look like place. In world, Macon is the Accidental Tourist and the book is more a certification of the systems he uses to acquire through life than a # 8216 ; guide # 8217 ; book. The Accidental Tourist books are less travel ushers and more # 8216 ; instructional ushers for life # 8217 ; , stating the reader how to populate with minimal uncomfortableness, without opening up and concealing within your ain cocoon unmindful to the remainder of the universe. This is precisely how Macon lives every twenty-four hours of his life, and non merely those when he is going. He lives his full life seeking to box himself so that nil will alter him, nil will upset him and nil can harm him. His books reflect this clearly and this is why Sarah considers his books so simila r to himself. The books are about Macon # 8211 ; The Accidental Tourist.Above wholly, Macon wants to command everything. He likes for nil to be left to opportunity. When traveling, he merely takes what he can transport on to the plane, to eliminate the risk of lost luggage, as well as taking his own travel sized soap powder so that he can clean his clothes without having to worry about foreign laundries and their detergents. His aim is to control his life – to make sure that nothing can ever go wrong, to make sure that nothing can break through his protective ‘cocoon’. Macon’s desire to control his own life in such a regimented way is probably due to the fact that he doesn’t trust other people. He feels that he cannot rely on others and instead can only trust himself. This is probably due to his mother, who was indecisive, moving apartments and changing the style of their lives. However, Ethan’s death would have also added to this distrust of people as a whole and would have made him more defensive than ever. It is understandable, though, that Macon should distrust people, because Ethan’s death showed so clearly how evil people are and how you can never judge what anot her person is about to do.Macon understands that life is a journey and in knowing this treats his entire life as he does his travel. He attempts to travel through life without changing anything and without having to make decisions. Macon wants to sit back and watch life pass him by – he doesn’t want to get caught up in the spontaneous flow of life where he can be pushed, pulled and changed by forces out of his reach. He is unexcited by life, its spontaneity and uncertainty and would rather sit back and watch the stream of life flow past him, so that he could remain unaffected and unchanged. In a small way, he does achieve this, and it is made clear with the way Macon is so eager to give away Ethan’s posessions after Ethan is killed. In this way, he seems to remain unchanged, as he wanted, but inside, he never really gets over Ethan’s death and this could also be attributed to the fact that Macon never properly mourned his death, and instead went on with l ife as if nothing had ever happened.

Friday, March 20, 2020

Is the Canadian Prime Minister Too Powerful A Critique

Is the Canadian Prime Minister Too Powerful A Critique Introduction Canada has one of the unique forms of governments in the developed nations and the world as a whole. According to the Constitution Act of 1867, the country is described as parliamentary democracy given the fact that the constitution provides for the democratic election of representatives to the parliament (Clark, 2010). The parliament in this country is made up of the Crown, the Senate and the House of Commons (Clark, 2010).Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Is the Canadian Prime Minister Too Powerful? A Critique specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In this paper, the researcher is going to critically analyze whether it is a fact that the prime minister holds too much power. To this end, some of the advantages and disadvantages of a powerful prime minister will be looked. The reforms that are needed to give the elected representatives more power relative to the premier will also be viewed. Is the Canadian Prim e Minister Too Powerful? Yes Indeed I believe that the prime minister holds too much power. This is strange especially given the fact that the office is not enshrined in any constitutional document. But this does not stop the prime minister from assuming the role of â€Å"†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦(the) leading minister of the Crown† (Clark, 2010: p. 2). Incumbent Stephen Harper may not agree with me here, but it is evident that the majority of Canadian citizens share my opinion. An opinion poll conducted in 2008 by Nanos Research (and cited in Clark, 2010) is perhaps one of the best indicators of the attitudes of Canadians towards the PMO. The poll may have been conducted four years ago, but the findings are an essential pointer to the place occupied by the premier in the hearts of the Canadians. According to the poll, 42 percent of the citizens are of the view that the powers vested in the Office of the Prime Minister needs to be checked (Clark, 2010). The citizens think that th e office is one of the weakest links in the country’s democracy. Majority of those polled felt that the premier holds more power than other constitution offices such as the federal cabinet, the Supreme Court and House of Commons among others. So, why exactly is the prime minister regarded as one of the most influential public figures in Canada? One of the primary reasons is the fact that the incumbent takes over the constitutional role of the Crown (Jarvis Turnbull, 2012). It can be argued that the incumbent plays the most prominent role in the country’s government operations. Vast resources are at the disposal of the prime minister. For example, the incumbent has the power to appoint and dismiss the cabinet and such other institutions. A case in point is the appointment of Lloyd Axworthy as member of the cabinet by two of most notable premieres in the country’s history. These are former Prime ministers Trudeau and Chretien (Jarvis Turnbull, 2010).Advertising Looking for essay on government? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Another reason why I think the prime minister is too powerful emanates from the treatment accorded to the incumbent by both the national and international media houses. According to Clark (2010), it appears that media houses would instead get direct communication from the incumbent rather than going by what is presented by the office. Canadians also look up to the incumbent in times of crises (Jarvis Turnbull, 2010). A case in point is when the country was faced with the decision of either supporting or not supporting American invasion to Iraq. The country and the media went by the decision made by the premier not to support the Americans. There are those who argue that the prime minister is not as powerful as portrayed in the media. They argue that the incumbent does not hold absolute power given that he is controlled by the parliament and other const itutional bodies such as the Supreme Court. However, these arguments hold no sway given that the prime minister can directly control the supreme court through the appointment of the judges as well as control the parliament through the members of his party. Advantages and Disadvantages of a Powerful Premier One of the significant benefits of a powerful prime minister is the fact that government decisions can be made fast and efficiently. When the prime minister has full control over the legislative arm of the government, government bills brought on the floor of the house can be passed effectively (Clark, 2010). This may spur development especially if the bills are critical to the nation. However, a significant weakness of a powerful premier is the fact that absolute power may corrupt the incumbent. For example, the prime minister may appoint his cronies as Senators. By 2010, the incumbent had appointed 33 Senators most of who were drawn from his party. Conclusion: Reforms Necessary t o Give Other Elected Representatives More Power Relative to the Premier One such reform is making sure that Senators are elected and not appointed by the premier. This will reduce the hold that the premier has over these leaders. Another reform can involve limiting the tenure of the incumbent to two terms in office (Clark, 2010). This would have prevented premiers such as William Mackenzie from ruling for 15 years. The structure of power in the country should also be overhauled. This will ensure that power is not concentrated in the hands of a single individual such as the prime minister. This is given that such concentration makes it hard to balance and check the operations of the incumbents.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Is the Canadian Prime Minister Too Powerful? A Critique specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More References Clark, C. (2010). PMO too powerful, Canadians say. Web. Jarvis, M. D., Turnbull, L. (2012, Ma y 2). Canadian prime ministers have too much power. National Post. Retrieved from

Wednesday, March 4, 2020

Understanding Convenience Samples

Understanding Convenience Samples The process of statistical sampling involves selecting a collection of individuals from a population. The way that we do this selection is very important. The manner in which we select our sample determines the type of sample that we have. Among the wide variety of  types of statistical samples, the easiest type of sample to form is called a convenience sample. Definition of Convenience Samples A convenience sample is formed when we select elements from a population on the basis of what elements are easy to obtain. Sometimes a convenience sample is called a grab sample as we essentially grab members from the population for our sample. This is a type of sampling technique that does not rely upon a random process, such as we see in a simple random sample, to generate a sample. Examples of Convenience Samples To illustrate the idea of a convenience sample, we will think of several examples. It is really not very hard to do this. Just think of the easiest way to find representatives for a particular population. There is a high likelihood that we have formed a convenience sample. To determine the proportion of green MMs produced by a factory, we count the number of green MMs in our hands that we took out of the package.To find the mean height of all third-grade students in a school district, we measure the first five students who are dropped off in the morning by their parents.In order to know the mean value of homes in our town, we average the value of our home with our neighbors homes.Someone wants to determine which candidate is likely to win an upcoming election, and so she asks everyone in her circle of friends who they intend to vote for.  A student is working on a survey of students attitudes toward college administrators, and so he talks to his roommate and other people on the floor of his residence hall. Problems with Convenience Samples As indicated by their name, convenience samples are definitely easy to obtain. There is virtually no difficulty in selecting members of the population for a convenience sample. However, there is a price to pay for this lack of effort: convenience samples are virtually worthless in statistics. The reason that a convenience sample cannot be used for applications in statistics is that we are not assured that it is representative of the population that it was selected from. If all of our friends share the same political leanings, then asking them who they intend to vote for in an election tells us nothing about how people across the country would vote. Furthermore, if we think about the reason for random sampling, we should see another reason why convenience samples are not as good as other sampling designs. Since we do not have a random procedure to select the individuals in our sample, although our sample is likely to be biased. A randomly selected sample will do a better job of limiting bias.

Sunday, February 16, 2020

Andy Worhol Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words - 1

Andy Worhol - Term Paper Example Andy attended Holmes Elementary School and Schenley High School. Andy missed a lot of lessons because he was often sick. He contracted rheumatic fever when he was eight. He also acquired chorea, making him stay in bed for a month. A few years later, Andy’s skin became pale with red blotches. Due to his condition, he had to stay at home. He watched cartoons, finished coloring books, and reading movie magazines. His sickness and interests in cartoons and movies became his inspiration and topic in most of his art (Mattern, 10). From 1945-1949, Andy, together with Balcomb Greene, Robert Lepper, Samuel Rosenberg, and others, attended Carnegie Institute of Technology (now Carnegie Mellon University) in Pittsburgh. In June 1949, Andy graduated with a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in Pictorial Design. After graduating from Carnegie Institute of Technology, Warhol decided to pursue his career as a commercial artist in New York City. In September 1949, his first work appeared in Glamour magazine. He became one of the most successful illustrators in 1950s onwards and had won Art Director’s Club Medal in 1957 for his advertising work (Mattern, 6). In the same year, Warhol underwent plastic surgery to change the shape of his nose and had almost lost most of his hair (Mattern, 7). He was awarded by the American Institute of Graphic Arts as a successful illustrator. Tiffany & Co., The New York Times, I. Miller Shoes, Bonwit Teller, Columbia Records, Harper’s Bazaar, Vogue, Fleming-Joffe, NBC, and others were among Warhol’s clients. Most of Warhol’s commercial works were based on photographs and other source images, and on the handwriting of his mother Julia. Warhol loved his mother so much that after Julia’s death, Warhol painted memorial portraits, fi lm and shot videotapes of her. Warhol traveled around the world and had visited countries in Asia and Europe in 1956. He began painting in late 1950s and made his first painting based on comics and ads. A 32 series